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Who Can Prepare Tax Returns in the USA? A Detailed Guide

Tax Software Best Tax Software Professional

Navigating the preparation and filing of tax returns in the USA can be challenging, given the intricacies of the tax code and the multitude of forms and regulations to adhere to. Whether you're an individual or a business proprietor, grasping who can prepare tax returns can help you choose the right professional and ensure your taxes are filed correctly and on time. This comprehensive guide will delve into the different types of tax preparers, their qualifications, and what to consider when choosing one. Additionally, we'll discuss how improving your credit score can enhance your financial health and introduce you to a valuable resource for credit repair counseling.

1. Certified Public Accountants (CPAs)


  • Licensed by state boards of accountancy.

  • Must pass the Uniform CPA Examination.

  • Requires a degree in accounting and professional experience.


  • Tax preparation and filing.

  • Financial planning and consulting.

  • Audit representation.

Best For:

  • Complex tax situations.

  • Business owners.

  • Individuals with multiple income streams.

2. Enrolled Agents (EAs)


  • Licensed by the IRS.

  • Must pass the Special Enrollment Examination or have experience as a former IRS employee.

  • Required to complete continuing education annually.


  • Tax preparation and filing.

  • Tax planning and advice.

  • Representation in front of the IRS.

Best For:

  • Individuals needing specialized tax help.

  • Those looking for audit representation.

  • Businesses requiring tax advice.

3. Tax Attorneys


  • Law degree with a focus on tax law.

  • Licensed by state bar associations.


  • Legal advice on tax-related issues.

  • Representation in tax disputes and litigation.

  • Estate planning and trust administration.

Best For:

  • Complex legal tax issues.

  • Tax litigation and disputes.

  • High-net-worth individuals needing estate planning.

4. Tax Preparation Chains

Examples: H&R Block, Jackson Hewitt, Liberty Tax Service.


  • Preparers may have varying levels of experience and training.

  • Some may be CPAs or EAs, but many are trained specifically for the tax season.


  • Tax preparation and filing.

  • Refund advances and loans.

  • Audit support (limited).

Best For:

  • Individuals with straightforward tax returns.

  • Those looking for in-person assistance.

  • Convenience and accessibility.

5. Independent Tax Preparers


  • Can range from experienced professionals (CPAs, EAs) to seasonal workers.

  • Important to check credentials and experience.


  • Tax preparation and filing.

  • May offer personalized services and flexible hours.

Best For:

  • Individuals wanting a personal touch.

  • Those needing flexible scheduling.

  • Cost-conscious filers.

6. Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) Programs


  • Volunteers who have received training and certification from the IRS.

  • Focus on low-to-moderate income individuals and seniors.


  • Free tax preparation and filing.

  • Assistance with special tax credits (e.g., Earned Income Tax Credit).

Best For:

  • Low-to-moderate income individuals.

  • Seniors needing tax assistance.

  • Those seeking free tax preparation services.

When selecting a tax preparer, take into account these factors to ensure you select the most suitable professional for your requirements:

1. Credentials and Qualifications

Verify the credentials of the tax preparer. CPAs, EAs, and tax attorneys have specific qualifications and are generally more reliable for complex tax situations. For simpler returns, a preparer from a tax chain or an independent preparer may suffice, but always check their experience and training.

2. Experience and Specialization

Ensure the preparer has experience relevant to your tax situation. For instance, business owners might need a CPA with expertise in business tax law, while individuals with investment income may benefit from an EA specializing in investment tax strategies.

3. Reputation and Reviews

Seek out feedback and recommendations from past clients to gauge the reputation and quality of service. A preparer's reputation can provide insight into their reliability, accuracy, and customer service.

4. Fees and Pricing

Discuss fees upfront to avoid surprises. Some preparers charge by the hour, while others have a flat fee. Understand what services are included and whether there are additional costs for extra services like audit support or expedited filing.

5. Accessibility and Availability

Consider the preparer's location and availability. Local preparers offer the convenience of in-person meetings, while online services can provide flexibility. Also, ensure the preparer is available year-round, not just during tax season, especially if you anticipate needing assistance with tax planning or audits.

6. Communication and Support

Effective communication is crucial. Make sure the preparer is responsive and capable of explaining complex tax matters in a manner that is easy for you to comprehend. Effective support can make a substantial impact, particularly in addressing any issues that may arise with your tax return.

1. Gather Necessary Documents

Collect all relevant tax documents, including:

  • W-2s and 1099s

  • Previous year's tax return

  • Receipts for deductible expenses

  • Records of investments, rental income, or other income sources

2. Organize Your Records

Arrange your documents in a systematic order to streamline the preparation process. Categorize expenses, separate income sources, and ensure all relevant information is easily accessible.

3. Prepare Questions

List any questions or concerns you have about your tax situation. This approach can maximize the effectiveness of your meeting and ensure comprehensive coverage of all aspects of your tax return.

4. Understand Your Tax Obligations

Familiarize yourself with your tax obligations. Knowing the basics can help you understand the preparer's advice and ensure you're compliant with tax laws.

While preparing your taxes, it's also a good time to review your overall financial health. A key component of financial well-being is maintaining a good credit score. If you're struggling with credit issues, boosting your credit score can pave the way for enhanced financial opportunities, reduced interest rates, and greater overall financial security.

Credit Repair and Counseling

Improving your credit involves challenging inaccuracies on your credit report, negotiating with creditors, and adopting strategies to enhance your credit behavior. Seeking assistance from professional credit repair services can offer the specialized knowledge and guidance required to navigate these steps successfully.

For those looking to improve their credit score, Cent Savvy Credit Repair Counseling offers comprehensive services to help you get back on track. Their team of experienced professionals can lead you through the process, ensuring you make informed decisions to strengthen your credit profile.


Choosing the right tax preparer in the USA involves understanding the different types of preparers, their qualifications, and what they offer. Whether you opt for a CPA, EA, tax attorney, or a preparer from a tax chain or volunteer program, making a well-informed decision can save you valuable time and money in the long run, and stress during tax season. Additionally, focusing on your financial health, such as improving 

For more information about tax preparation software, please visit Cents Savvy SavvyTax Pro


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